Classic Earl Grey Tea is one of the most popular Teas in the world. It is a blend of Indian & Ceylon Black Teas scented with Bergamot Oil.
It is said that in 1830, an Englishman named Charles Earl Grey traveled on a diplomatic mission to China, where in return for an act of kindness, a local man presented him with the recipe for making this distinctive tea.
A few corrections are in order.
Firstly, the Chinese have never been big black tea drinkers, and were unlikely to have a recipe for Earl Grey to bestow on visitors.
Secondly, Charles Earl Grey never set foot in China.
Thirdly, Bergamot is an Italian Citrus fruit and is unlikely to have been used to flavor teas in China in the early 1800's.
Otherwise, the story is completely true.
Use 2 teaspoons per 16 to 24 oz pot.
Use Boiling (212ºF.) water.
Steep for 5 to 7 minutes.
Caffeine: 40 mg / 8 oz cup.